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10 naive questions about VPN - not everything is so simple
10 наивных вопросов про VPN – не все так просто

10 naive questions about VPN – not everything is so simple



It ensures that data is transferred in a safe and secure manner. Working with confidential data without risk of leaking is possible thanks to data encryption. When using public WiFi hotspots and dealing with ISPs that share your data with advertiser partners, this is equally critical (spoiler alert: everyone does this).

How does VPN work?

The IP address and DNS resolver of your computer change when you connect a VPN. After that, Internet traffic takes a different path: it goes through the VPN server instead of directly to the site you open. It’s decrypted there before being transmitted to the page you requested.

As a result, a foreign site “believes” that a user from outside India has arrived and grants access. And the Indian service provider believes you’ve launched a non-banned international website. Because it has no influence over how you use the Internet after using the VPN service, the provider does not stop the connection.

What is the difference between VPN and proxy?

The difference between a proxy and a VPN is that a VPN ensures complete anonymity by encrypting data from the point of input to the point of exit.

A proxy is a server that makes a request on its own behalf, which is the technological distinction. It doesn’t encrypt or disguise data; your ISP and the website you visit will see everything right away. However, a VPN is similar to a local network in that it is hidden: no one will know that you are utilising third-party apps to access restricted websites.

VPN – is it legal?

At the moment, consumers are not liable if they use a VPN to access banned websites. However, providing VPN services without first registering with the Indian regulatory body is already illegal. Regular users are not affected.

According to Indian law, the owner of the access hardware and software that runs such a VPN and is not connected to a specific system, that is, the VPN’s owners, is responsible for access to restricted sites.

The operator of search engines is also responsible if he fails to comply with the obligation in the issuance to restrict connections to resources that include forbidden software and to connect to the Federal State Information System.

It’s odd that if the search engine’s owner is a person, he might be held administratively accountable in the form of a fine. At the same time, if VPNs are not restricted on Indian Federation territory, such operators will not be prosecuted.

Responsibility for an ordinary VPN user (company or individual – it does not matter) is not provided. In addition, the law also does not apply to VPNs for corporate purposes.

Pavel Patrikeev,

head of the legal department of the hosting provider and domain registrar REG.RU

A VPN’s principal goal is to keep information assets safe from cybercriminals. Private companies utilise this tool to increase the security and stability of remote access. In the context of the spread of coronavirus infection, the Central Bank of the Indian Federation, for example, urged that financial institutions ensure the use of virtual private network technology.

The other side of the coin is that the user’s identity and location are hidden. Since the fall of 2017, a law has been in effect, allowing authorities to restrict services in order to “bypass blocking” in an attempt to burn bridges to Internet content that are prohibited in India. In other words, limiting the operation of virtual private networks is merely a tool for state control, not the end aim. As history has shown, the regulatory guillotine failed to meet expectations in this area.

Alexey Azarov,

Lawyer at the law office “Borodin and Partners”

Read also

Why is VPN dangerous?

Paid VPNs ensure the security of your data, and in certain cases, they don’t even save it: it’s difficult to give away information that doesn’t exist.

Free VPNs, on the other hand, have been routinely observed leaking user data, either intentionally or unintentionally. The same hazards apply as when connecting to the public Internet: it’s easy to steal your data or infect you with a virus.

Data from 21 million Android VPN app users was leaked online in 2017. This sparked interest, and enthusiasts looked into 300 different VPN services for smartphones. Almost everyone, it discovered out, did not encrypt traffic and instead followed users.

There is no other VPN service that will keep you safe from law enforcement. Your VPN service will report you if you commit a crime (or are a suspect).

What is a dual VPN?

A VPN having two levels of encryption is referred to as a double VPN. In most cases, traffic is routed through a single VPN service, encrypting your data only once and changing your IP address only once. These procedures are repeated if you’re using a double VPN. This type of connection is safer and ensures (at least) privacy.

What if I don’t believe in VPNs?

Use data-free browsers, disable trackers, defend yourself from surveillance, and use multi-level encryption:

Why is the Internet not working with VPN?

Instead of a straight path to data, a VPN establishes multiple virtual connections, forcing you to run a steeplechase. The signal from your computer is routed through intermediates – VPN servers – before reaching the main server. Also, because returning from the site to your device is difficult, the speed is slowed. If your Internet service provider does not deliver typical speed at first, the Internet may cease working entirely.

How to choose a VPN?

Focus on two indicators if you’ve never had a headache because you needed to hide your data: how fast the Internet works through this service and how often the service fails. Most likely, you’ll find a free alternative that allows you to access prohibited or regional websites, and that will suffice.

If you’re concerned about data security, you’ll need to experiment with your service selection. You’ll have to focus on a dozen signs and then choose between 2-3 paid solutions as a result. More information can be found in our article:

Facebook in the block, soon they will come for

Facebook is being blocked, and “Wikipedia” will be next – now is the time to get a VPN.

Through which countries can I connect to VPN?

Best countries for VPN:

  • Switzerland, Romania, and Ukraine are among the countries with no internal restrictions or prohibitions.
  • The connection speed will be faster if it is nearer to you.
  • South Korea has the fastest Internet connection;
  • America and European countries – will provide access to online retailers that deliver exclusively within their country’s / European countries’ borders, but you should avoid visiting suspicious websites and downloading torrents from these countries’ servers.


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